BRICK WALL CONSTRUCTION

LAYING PATTERNS

The way in which a brick is laid, the brickwork bond, strongly influences the appearance of the facade.


A well thought out brickwork bond gives projects extra style and character.

 

BRICK BLENDING

The composition of the raw materials as well as the firing process will result in colour and dimensional variations from brick to brick and from pallet to pallet. This variation is inherent in the process of handmade bricks and is a key component to the appeal of handmade bricks.


To ensure that colour and dimensional variations are dealt with correctly, we advise that the bricks are blended during laying. The best method to do this is to select bricks from numerous (e.g. 4 to 6 but the more the better) open packs. This will ensure a beautiful finished product. With all our bricks, there are four usable faces – two headers and two stretchers. Further blending can be achieved by careful selection of which face to use.

 

THE BRICKIE

Nothing is more important to good brick work than a good brickie. Choosing the cheapest brickie is rarely the best approach. Make sure your brickie has lots of experience laying face bricks. In many cases a brickie who normally lays bricks intended to be rendered may not be the best brickie for laying face bricks.

 

BRICK CLEANING

In most cases cleaning of brick work can be achieved using standard techniques such as acid washing, wet sponging and high pressure cleaning.

Special Cleaning Requirements for Reclamation Styles
Our reclamation styles, which can be identified by the white scumming on the brick surface (and the use of the term reclamation in their name), should not be wet sponged, acid washed or high pressure cleaned. During laying, the excess mortar should be cut off with a trowel. Mortar dags and smears on the work face should be removed by dry brushing within 1-2 days.

Do not sponge the joints of the brickwork, otherwise it may create permanent stains.

We also advise that with our reclamation styles, the mortar colour is matched closely to the colour of the white scumming (i.e. white to off white mortar).

 

MORTAR CHOICE

Choosing a mortar colour is really important. Broadly mortar colours can be divided into four broad types: dark grey/black, grey, yellow (buttery) and white (creamy).


Yellow/Buttery Mortar

Yellow or a buttery colour is the most common colour used and is produced by using a yellow brick sand combined with an off white cement, this will produce a buttery coloured mortar, the addition of hydrated lime will lighten this colour further.


Creamy White

For a creamy white mortar you use a white brick sand with a white cement.


Grey

This is the most simplest mortar colour to achieve and is just a simple mix of grey cement and yellow brick sand. Standard grey mortar can also be purchased premixed in most hardware stores.


Dark Grey to Black

For dark grey to black mortars a black oxide must be added to the standard grey cement. Black oxides can be purchased readily at most hardware stores.


Both sand, cements and coloured oxides are readily available from hardware stores (e.g. Bunnings). To stress the point, yellow and white mortar can not be produced with the standard grey cement and for a true white mortar you must use a pure white cement and white brick sand. Links to examples of these products can be found below:


We are happy to supply the correct cement for you.....just ask.

If you want a very traditional white mortar you can also use hydraulic lime (not to be confused with hydrated lime), it is unlikely that you will find hydraulic lime in a normal hardware store but we are happy to supply it for you....just ask.

IMPORTANT

* As with all building work, advice should be sought from qualified professionals if you are unsure of any aspect of brick laying, cladding or paving.

 

1800 841 554

©2020 by Elephant Brick Co.