Brick Wall Construction
Installation of bricks for walls*
The laying of bricks is done using standard brick and mortar techniques. Numerous online tutorials are available plus an excellent online guide is available from Think Brick.
Note if your interested in a light weight brick wall think about using brick tiles, also know as thin bricks or brick slips. For more information on brick tiles click here.
Using non-standard laying patterns can produce remarkably different looks. This is normally achieved by alternating between the long side of the brick (stretcher) and the short side of the brick (header). To be really creative, using different bricks for the stretchers and headers can produce stunning wall designs.
This is the most common brick pattern.
Common in England, this pattern consists of rows of stretchers (long side of a brick) followed by a row of headers (short side of a brick).
A beautiful pattern consisting of alternating stretchers and headers. A variant of this pattern, called Flemish Fletton, involves the headers protruding slightly further out of the wall to produce a more textured finish.
Choosing a mortar colour is really important. Broadly mortar colours can be divided into three broad types: dark grey/black, grey, yellow (buttery) and white (creamy). In most cases you will use a yellow brick sand and combine it with an off white cement, this will produce a buttery coloured mortar, the addition of hydrated lime will lighten this colour further. For a creamy white mortar you again can use a yellow brick sand but instead you use a pure white cement. For a standard grey mortar the use of standard grey cement will result in a grey mortar, to darken this mortar further (dark grey to black), a black oxide will need to be added.
Both sand, cements and coloured oxides are readily available from hardware stores (e.g. Bunnings). The typical ratio for the mortar is 4 parts sand to 1 part cement (and 0.5 parts hydrated lime or more if trying to further lighten the colour).
To stress the point, yellow and white mortar can not be produced with the standard grey cement and for a true white mortar you must use a pure white cement, not an off white cement. Links to examples of these products can be found below:
We are happy to supply the correct cement for you.....just ask.
If you want a very traditional white mortar you can also use hydraulic lime (not to be confused with hydrated lime), it is unlikely that you will find hydraulic lime in a normal hardware store but we are happy to supply it for you....just ask.
Mortaring can be done via a few methods but the easiest way for beginners is a mortaring gun, again we are happy to supply you with a mortaring gun.....just ask.
* As with all building work, advice should be sought from qualified professionals if you are unsure of any aspect of brick laying, cladding or paving.
Think Brick is the Australian clay brick and paver manufacturers association and they have a large range of instructional manuals available covering all aspects of brick masonry. These manuals are freely available and can be downloaded from their website.